India 2020 – A vision for the new millennium!

The Vision by people’s President- Late Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.

If the nineteenth century belonged to Europe, the twentieth century to the USA, then the twenty-first century will definitely belong to the Indians. This is the dream translated to millions of Indians through the pens of two eminent scientists of India  Dr. Kalam and Dr. Y.S. Rajan.


Courtesy to the book publishers and authors who worked to spread book’s knowledge among people. These summaries are in no way to claim rights and just a mere contribution to inculcate reading among youth which is a part of our good motive.

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction:

“Sight is about what lies right in front of us.  Vision is what lies ahead”. India is an old civilization and an extremely complex society. Her glorious past, natural beauty, resources, vast size and above all her unique geographical location has always given her the pride of place in the world. With the ups and downs of history it has retained its vibrancy. Yet, due to insensitivity and lethargy on our part and due to the negative slant of the media here, we as a nation have not been able to attain the status of a developed nation so far.
Why do we need a vision? Kalam answers this question by citing the examples of countries like USA, Malaysia, Israel and China and points out that they are what they are today because they had a vision and they strived towards it.In his famous speech delivered in Hyderabad, Dr.APJ Abdul Kalam outlines his three visions for his motherland India and pleads for Indians to be involved in the nation-building process and to make India a developed nation.

CHAPTER TWO: The First Vision: Freedom

In 3000 years of our history, people from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands and conquered our minds. Yet, we have not conquered anyone. Because, we respect the freedom of others, and that is the reason for his first vision of Freedom. India got its first vision of this in the Indian Rebellion in the year 1857, when we started the war of Independence. It is this freedom that we must protect and nurture and build on.

CHAPTER TWO: The Second Vision: Development

We have been a developing nation for more than fifty years, and so it is time we see ourselves as a developed nation. In terms of GDP, we are among the top five nations of the world. Our poverty levels are falling. Our achievements are being globally recognised today. Yet we lack the self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation.

He envisions an India where the national economy of the country is one of the largest in the world; there is upliftment in the general living standards of the common man well above the poverty line including high standards of education, health and above all, national security. According to Kalam, there are four chief areas of development:  the people, economy, strategic strength and infrastructure and to achieve all this, technology is the answer.

The role of technology will not only be to provide sophisticated machinery and but also to provide materials of basic utility value to the common man at an affordable price. Technology should not only produce goods but also explore ways to re-use by-products so as to minimize wastage and environmental pollution. Thus technology should not only be for the classes but for the masses.

Kalam defends his theory of exploitation of technology by saying, If you don’t have the technology, you natural resources is of no value to you. He compares Japan with Africa and shows how Japan has progressed despite a dearth of natural resources through technological creativity alone whereas a richly resourced continent like Africa has been unable to do so because of lack of fundamental technology. Although technology is the key to realize our vision, the craving to reach the goal should encompass all sections of society if the vision has to be transformed into reality.

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