Electrolysis v/s fuel: Efficient Chemistry, subtle economy.
For centuries, researches have been working hard to find a substitute for fuel. Other than green chemistry, which is a nourishing slowly and steadily with its roots having significant impact and ground breaking science, is somewhere yet progressing with results at a standstill. But recently, a team at the Australian Research Council Center of Excellence for Electronic materials Science was able to change the complete scenario by introducing a catalyst that was obtained by splitting the ocean water with little energy that is needed. Before this as well, we were trying to harness energy by trying to produce hydrogen fuel by splitting the salt water. This recent study has surely been able to remove the roadblock that was resulting in a standstill in this field of study since many years.
This catalyst is like a plastic film that is designed to absorb the energy obtained by the light incident over it to oxidize the seawater. This plastic sheet constitutes of synthetic chlorophyll molecules that enable to harness the light energy in the equivalent way as that of leaves which utilize the energy from sun. Unlike today’s advancements, that require lots of energy, using this method it is possible to harness energy for a complete day by just 5 liters of sea water. This also includes the energy that is required to power an average home or car.
Besides, when compared to the recent trends in this process of electrolysis of seawater that result in emission of poisonous gases in this case, there isn’t any such side fall. It is just a very unique and an efficient way of harnessing energy in a cost effective and a simpler way. This advancement surely marks an embellishment and embarks towards the further scientific advances in near future.